What is an Ulcer?

The peptic ulcer is the loss of substance which occurs in the regions of the digestive apparatus exposed to the actions of hydrochloric acid and of pepsin. The loss of the integrity of the mucous should last at least two weeks and that the lesion should cross the middle layer of the gastric wall in order to be considered an ulcer. It manifests itself with constant abdominal pain, burning, discomfort similar to hunger, it can appear in the upper, middle portion of the mouth of the stomach or toward the sides of the middle line, generally to the right. It is usual that it not be irradiated unless pancreatic penetration occurs. Usually it is initiated between two and four hours after meals and it may wake up the patient during the night.

The ingestion of food or antacids relieves it until the cycle begins again, (a weight gain is also possible). Other symptoms include: a change in defecation habits and pyrosis (retrosternal burning sensation).

In the case of the gastric ulcer a feeling of inflammation and nausea, indigestion, ponderal changes, anorexia and episodes of gastrointestinal hemorrhaging are common.

Two of the factors that produce ulcers are:
Aggressive factors such as acid, pepsin, anti-inflammatories and the bacteria, Helicobacter pylori. And the deterioration of the body's defenses such as mucous and bicarbonate.

The predisposing factors are tobacco which limits recovery and increases complications, associated illnesses (liver, kidneys), old age, and stress or emotional tension.

Diet

Permitted Food


Dairy Products
Whole milk, butter, cream cheese and bland cheese, cream(not sour).

Eggs
Passed by water, warm, hard, poached, or scrambled.

Meats
Tender beef, lamb, veal, chicken, fish, and ham.

Soups
Creams, pasta, rice consommé, vegetable soup.

Fruits
Cooked or pureed, fruit juice(not acidic): apple, pear, papaya, peach, raw fruit: banana, pear, apple.

Vegetables
Cooked: carrots, potatoes, green beans, spinach, and others.

Bread and Cereal
White bread and refined cereal, tapioca, oatmeal, pasta, and rice.

Desserts
Ice cream, flan, pudding, water or milk Jell-O, cookies.

Beverages
Milk, cream, light tea.

Condiments
Moderate quantities of sugar and salt.

Prohibited Food


Fried Eggs

Meats and Fish
Smoked or canned, pork.

Soups
Canned.

Raw Fruit and Citrus
Orange, tangerine, strawberry, lemon, pineapple, grapefruit, and watermelon.

Vegetables
Canned and raw, the ones that cause gas: cauliflower, cucumber, onion, radishes and broccoli.

Desserts
Cakes, nuts, raisins, and chocolate.

Beverages
Coffee, black tea, Alcoholic beverages, carbonated beverages.

Condiments
All except for those that are permitted.

Recommendations
Within the factors that we must avoid in order to alleviate discomforts coffee, alcohol,and tobacco. Exercise is recommend, in order to relieve stress, relaxation and rest, avoid anti-inflammatory steroids, and spicy foods. Do not forget the most important factor, strictly follow the treatment prescribed by your doctor
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Hospital Real de VH
Calle Edmundo O' Gorman #1571 C.P. 22320 Zona Rio.
Tijuana B.C., Mexico
Tels. (011526646) 34-32-66 to 68